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Primula vulgaris

Other Names:  First Rose
This is the native Wild Primrose, which was once common in the wild throughout British woodlands, hedgerows and grassy places. It prefers a shady site where the soil doesn’t dry out.  
One of our favourite native Spring flowers – and one of the earliest!  It is a short plant with yellow flowers from February to May and sometimes even earlier during a mild winter.  The flowers may not be pollinated as it blooms when few insects are about. Shakespeare wrote of ‘pale primroses that die unmarried’ in The Winter’s Tale. 
The flowers were used in the preparation of love potions in the Middle Ages. 
Night-flying insects do sometimes pollinate the flowers and it is a very valuable early food source for moths.

Sowing Instructions for Seeds:  Ideally, sow in the autumn in trays kept outdoors so that the seeds are naturally stratified (periods of alternating warmth and cold). At other times, sow and keep at around 22°C for 1-2 months. Cool for 1-2 months (around 0°C) in a fridge. Then warmer (around 10°C) for about a month. It may be necessary to repeat this process if using the fridge method. Germination is inhibited by temperatures above 20°C.

Our plants and seeds are of native British origin.


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